Road & Highway Maintenance

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 The Town of Buchanan is responsible for the maintenance and repairs of the Town's 46 miles of roads & highways. The services range from pothole repairs in spring to rural ditch mowing in summer, to snow removal in the winter months. Maintenance crews also remove debris from the roads and ditches.

Have you noticed a missing street sign, drainage issue, or any other roadside problem that needs to be brought to our attention? If so, please contact the Town of Buchanan at (920) 734-8599 or report it via our online reporting tool.

Helpful Information on Town Roads

Road Funding

In February 2018, the Town started evaluating the funding needs and options available for cost recovery related to the Town’s transportation system reconstruction and maintenance. The primary issue facing the Town is the cost of maintaining and reconstructing the 46 mile transportation system residents and visitors rely on daily has continued to increase, while the overall funding for these activities has not increased at a commensurate rate. At the same time, the Town has widespread stormwater drainage  issues in the urbanized area of the Town.  

As part of this discussion a study was undertaken to review the current state and different funding options available to address the ongoing local transportation needs for the community, see Transportation System Financing Report for additional details. The report was an effort to provide a framework to align future Town activities with the Town of Buchanan Comprehensive Plan 2040 objective to “provide a well maintained transportation network.”

The general objectives of the study were three-fold: (1) Ensure reliable and ongoing funding for the Town’s transportation system; (2) Recover transportation system related costs in a manner that is equitable to all users; and (3)  Maintain fiscal discipline by being prudent stewards of all revenue sources.

 The study found the following:

  • Continued debt issuance's at levels in the millions of dollars will put the Town out of compliance with the Debt Policy.
    • “Total annual debt service payments on tax-supported debt of the Town will not    exceed 25% of total general gov’t operating revenue.”
  • Road Conditions are continuing to deteriorate and age as seen by the PASER rating and road surface ages, respectively.
    • 24 miles, representing 52% of the local transportation system, is rated Fair (5) to Very Poor (2).
    • Over the next 10 years, 44%, or 21 miles, of the local trans. system road surfaces will be 25 years or older.
  • Drainage concerns are widespread in the urbanized area of Town.
  • 50% of the Town operating budget cannot grow by more than net new construction.
    • Over a five year period from 2014-2018 the average amount of annual net new construction was 1.11%.
  • Town has less purchasing power since property tax levy has not kept up with inflation.
    • Adjusted for the Municipal Cost Index, the Town has approximately $175,000 less than it did in 2014.
  • Town has not been able to invest in infrastructure at the Annual Transportation Investment Benchmark rate, which has further exasperated some of the conditions above, i.e., road conditions.

In order to meet the Annual Transportation Investment benchmark—$2,500,000 per year to reconstruct the transportation system in 35 years—all financial tools were reviewed. The only viable options available, in addition to what the Town currently collects, was a transportation utility fee and/or special assessments.

Simultaneously, a Drainage and Roadway Preliminary Engineering Study was conducted to identify drainage issues, schedule roadway and drainage improvements for the next 10 years for roadways in PASER Rating areas equal to or less than a 5 rating and a 10 year maintenance plan for roadways in PASER Rating areas equal to or greater than a 5 to maximize the lifespan of the road.

Based on these two studies, a host of discussions and public information meetings, the Town Board approved a 10-Year Transportation Improvement Plan and sustainable funding for the Plan. The Plan calls for reconstruction or maintenance of approximately 23 miles over the length of the Plan. Next year the following roads are going to be improved: Eastowne Ct/Emons Rd (Eisenhower Dr to Pinecrest Blvd), Treeline Ct, Speel School Rd, Milky Way, Kebe Ct, Harvard Ct and Cornell Ct.

For the funding, there will be two additional sources directly impacting property owners. The first is a special assessment, which will be part of the funding for 2020 projects. A special assessment is a charge levied by a local government on real property to offset the cost of a capital improvement that directly benefits the property. A special assessment will be different based on the project, however on average it is estimated to be approximately $2,750. This is a one-time charge when the Town is reconstructing a road.

The other funding source is a transportation utility fee, which will be part of the 2019 Town tax bills. Similar to a water or sewer utility, a  transportation utility recovers a specific set of operating and/or capital costs by charging a fee to users. The transportation utility fee has two components, a base fee and a trip generation fee. The former is based on the percentage of equalized value in the community, .i.e., residential and non-residential. Whereas, the latter is based on a weighted average trip generation rate by land use utilizing data collected by an industry accepted source, the Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE) Trip Generation Manual. The transportation utility fee for single family properties will be $315.29. For non-residential properties, it ranges from $189 to $8,400.  This is an annual fee that will be included on property tax bills.

For the average assessed single family property ($227,700) in the Kimberly Area School District, including property taxes, stormwater and the transportation utility fee, the homeowner would pay $3,574, which is a $13 (0.4%) increase from 2018.

By meeting the Annual Transportation Investment Benchmark the Town is in a position to maintain and reconstruct the transportation system in a fair and equitable manner. The Town would like to thank residents who voted in the advisory referendum and participated in the public information meetings on this topic.

2020 Transportation Funding

Revenue  Amount
Stormwater Utility $    72,000
Property Tax Levy $   136,275
General Transportation Aid $   178,725
Road Maintenance Levy $   350,000
Debt Proceeds $   475,000
Special Assessment  $   385,000
Transportation Utility $   875,000
       Total Revenue for Transportation Projects
$2,481,018
Related Studies/Policy

2020 Town Road Improvement Projects

The following pavement improvement projects are planned for completion in 2019. 

2020 Town Road Improvement Locations:
  • Cornell Court
  • Eastowne Court
  • Emons Road (Eisenhower Drive to Pinecrest Boulevard)
  • Harvard Court
  • Kebe Court
  • Milky Way
  • Treeline Court
  • Speel School Road

This project will involve the following work:

  • The project scope will be defined during the design phase and finalized after a public information meeting with impacted properties.
  • Project Plans: The project plan will be available when the design is complete.
Project Information & Updates:
  • Public Information Meeting letters will be sent out in early 2020.

10-Year Transportation Improvement Schedule

Town Road Maintenance Projects

The following pavement preservation & maintenance projects are to be completed from 2021-2024. The preliminary maintenance plan is based on areas with PASER ratings greater than 5.

The Town completes these maintenance project for the following reasons:

  1. Extending the life of the road.
  2. Improve road safety by improving the road "grip."
  3. Not allow water to seep into the base, which prevents the Town from having to complete full depth road reconstruction.
  4. Cost-effective measures to maintain roads.
  • 2022 & 2024 Crack Sealing Schedule
    • What is crack sealing? Using a crack filler material, pavement cracks are sealed to prevent water or other materials from entering the road base, which causes premature aging. This type of preventative maintenance pavement surface treatment is used on longitudinal cracks, transverse cracks, reflection cracks and block cracks.  
  • 2021 and 2023 Chip Sealing Schedule
    • What is chip sealing? A layer of fine aggregate is placed over a surface of asphalt, i.e., the road surface. Typically, this preventative maintenance pavement surface treatment technique is used on roads with a a lower traffic volume.

FAQs

Project Contact Information:

Town Engineer
Thad Majkowski, Cedar Corporation
1695 Bellevue Street, Green Bay, WI 54311
Office: 920-491-9081
thad.majkowski@cedarcorp.com