Town of Buchanan Stormwater Utility District

Goals of the Stormwater Utility

  • Improve water flow
  • Decrease soil erosion, i.e., stream restoration
  • Encourage runoff's infiltration into the ground
  • Reduce the amount of stormwater that reaches rivers, lakes and streams
  • Keep pollutants from infiltrating the ground of washing away

Responsibilities of the Stormwater Utility

  • Repair and maintain the Town's stormwater system
  • Comply with Federal and State regulatory standards
  • Improve stormwater runoff quality
  • Protect the bodies of water receiving the Town's stormwater runoff

Facilities of the Stormwater Utility

Detention Ponds

Detention Ponds improve storm water quality through physical and biological processes. As storm water flows through the detention pond, sediment particles settle-out and become trapped within the permanent pool of water. Wetland vegetation and microorganisms provide additional pollutant removal. Common storm water pollutants include sediment, nutrients, heavy metals, bacteria, chlorides, oil and grease, pesticides, and volatile organic compounds. The primary sources of these pollutants include construction sites, agriculture runoff, fertilizers, pesticides, soil erosion, pet and wildlife waste, road salt, automobiles (leaks, exhaust and tire wear) and home heating.

Buchanan SWU Detention Ponds contain a gravel trail for pond maintenance. Routine maintenance is to include removal of debris and litter, inspection of outlet structures and embankments, and landscaping maintenance. Less frequent maintenance is to include sediment removal within the permanent pool of water. The frequency of sediment removal depends on the adequacy of construction site erosion controls, agriculture conservation practices, and stream buffer maintenance.

These Detention Ponds are planted with prairie grasses, wild flowers, wetland plants and trees to enhance wildlife habitat and discourage Canadian Geese from taking residence within the detention pond.

Main Street Pond

The Main Street Pond was constructed in 2009 and is located within the central portion of the Garners Creek Watershed. Specifically, the Main Street Pond is located east of Main Street south of Emons Road, west of Randys Lane, and north of Trumpet Lane within the Town of Buchanan. Approximately 120 acres of residential land uses drain into the Main Street Pond. Stormwater runoff is carried to the pond by road ditches, yard ditches, culverts and storm sewer.

The purpose of the Main Street Pond is to reduce peak flow rates, improve water quality and provide flood control. Stormwater runoff is temporarily stored within the pond and slowly released through an outlet structure that drains into a drainage way on the north side of Tamarack Drive. Stormwater pollutants are removed as runoff flows through the wet pond. Pollutants slowly settle out and become trapped in the pond’s permanent pool of water. Additional pollutant removal is provided by the pond’s wetland plantings. The pond reduces the amount of total suspended solids (TSS) and total phosphorus (TP) discharged to Garners Creek by approximately 94% and 68%, respectively. During dry weather, the permanent pool of water has a surface area of 2.8 acres and a maximum depth of 7 feet. During a 100-year rainfall event, the Main Street Pond provides 7.2 million gallons of storage volume.

Heartland Pond

The Pond was constructed in 2006 and is located within the west central portion of the Garners Creek Watershed. Specifically, the Heartland Pond is located east of STH ‘441’, west of Eisenhower Drive, south of CTH ‘CE’ and north of Garners Creek within the Town of Buchanan. Approximately 89 acres drain into the Heartland Pond, including the commercial development including Lowes and Festival Foods. Stormwater runoff is carried to the pond by storm sewers.

The purpose of the Heartland Pond is to reduce peak flow rates, improve water quality and provide flood control. Stormwater runoff is temporarily stored within the pond and slowly released through an outlet structure that drains into Garners Creek on the south side of the pond. Stormwater pollutants are removed as runoff flows through the wet pond. Pollutants slowly settle out and become trapped in the pond’s permanent pool of water. Additional pollutant removal is provided by the pond’s wetland plantings. The pond reduces the amount of total suspended solids (TSS) and total phosphorus (TP) discharged to Garners Creek by approximately 83% and 71%, respectively. During dry weather, the permanent pool of water has a surface area of 1.9 acres and a maximum depth of 8.5 feet. During a 100-year rainfall event, the Heartland Pond provides 6 million gallons of storage volume.

Regal Pond

The Pond was constructed in 2009 and is located within the northwest portion of the Garners Creek Watershed. Specifically, the Regal Pond is located east of Eisenhower Drive, south of Van Roy Road, and north of Garners Creek within the Town of Buchanan. Prior to the 2009 construction, a smaller wet detention pond was in the same location. As such, the Regal Pond construction consisted of increasing the storage volume and installing a new outlet structure. Approximately 19 acres drain into the Regal Pond, including areas from the Regal Cinema site (now Marcus Cinema). Stormwater runoff is carried to the pond by ditches and storm sewer.

The purpose of the Regal Pond is to reduce peak flow rates, improve water quality and provide flood control. Stormwater runoff is temporarily stored within the pond and slowly released through an outlet structure that drains into Garners Creek. Stormwater pollutants are removed as runoff flows through the wet pond. Pollutants slowly settle out and become trapped in the pond’s permanent pool of water. Additional pollutant removal is provided by the pond’s wetland plantings. The pond reduces the amount of total suspended solids (TSS) and total phosphorus (TP) discharged to Garners Creek by approximately 85% and 71%, respectively. During dry weather, the permanent pool of water has a surface area of 0.8 acres and a maximum depth of 6 feet. During a 100-year rainfall event, the Regal Pond provides 945,000 gallons of storage volume.

Speedway Pond

Springfield Pond

The purpose of the Springfield Pond is to reduce peak flow rates, improve water quality and provide flood control. Stormwater runoff is temporarily stored within the pond and slowly released through an outlet structure that drains into Garners Creek on the north side of Creekview Lane. Stormwater pollutants are removed as runoff flows through the wet pond. Pollutants slowly settle out and become trapped in the pond’s permanent pool of water. Additional pollutant removal is provided by the pond’s wetland plantings. The pond reduces the amount of total suspended solids (TSS) and total phosphorus (TP) discharged to Garners Creek by approximately 65% and 50%, respectively. During dry weather, the permanent pool of water has a surface area of 2.9 acres and a maximum depth of 8 feet. During a 100-year rainfall event, the Springfield Pond provides 14.9 million gallons of storage volume and reduces peak flow rates by 61%.

Stormwater Utility Fee Structure

The Town chose to create a Stormwater Utility as a means to equitably charge for the planning, financing and completion of ongoing activities and improvements to reduce flooding, improve stream bank erosion and enhance water quality in the community watersheds. Since stormwater utilities are funded by user fees, all properties within the service area, including tax-exempt and non-profits, are charged based on the runoff each property produces. This spreads the burden of paying for these costs to all users rather than being paid for entirely by the taxpayers of Buchanan.

Every property owner within the Town will be charged a fee on all developed property that has impervious surfaces. Impervious area, or impervious surface, is defined as a surface that has been compacted or covered with a layer of material so that it is highly resistant to infiltration by rainwater. Several examples of impervious surfaces include roofs, sidewalks, parking lots, compacted gravel or dirt surfaces, and other similar surfaces.

Stormwater charges for all properties are based on the Equivalent Runoff Units (ERU) for the property. The average square footage of impervious area of the ERU is established to be equivalent to 3,623 square feet. One ERU is $96 per year. The charges for different types of properties is as follows:

  • Residential
    • Single Family or Mobile Home (R1) - 1 ERU
    • Duplex (R2) - 0.6 ERU's per dwelling unit
    • Multi-Family & Condominium (R3) - 0.4 ERU's per dwelling unit
  • Non-Residential
    • Subdivision (NR1) - 0.5 ERU's per lot 
    • (NR2) - (square footage imperviousness/3,623 square feet)²

Stormwater Utility Application

This application should be filled out and sent in to the Town of Buchanan Utility Manager for any project that is changing the square footage or footprint for impervious surfaces on a property in the Town of Buchanan. This form assists Town staff in keeping up-to-date records for the purpose of assigning stormwater fees to properties. An application fee of $  is required. 

This application should be filled out and sent in to the Town of Buchanan Utility Manager for any project that is served by privately owned and maintained on-site stormwater management facilities. Your property may be eligible for a credit if it meets the Town of Buchanan Stormwater Utility District Credit Policy. An application fee of $75 is required. 

This application should be filled out and sent in to the Town of Buchanan Utility Manager for an channel change, encroachment, filling, grading, excavating or construction of any structure within 75 feet of a stream bank of Garners, Kankapot or Plum Creek, or the Fox River.

Applications can be picked up at Town Hall, N178 County Road N, Appleton, WI 54915.

Billing

All property owners will receive a stormwater utility charge once a year with their property tax statement. Fees will be evaluated annually and may be increased or decreased based on the Utility cost of operations and capital projects.

Educational Materials

User Charges

Area of Control